What is a loom?
The project looks at the definition of the loom and seeks to unfold it by doing a
functional analysis of the different loom types. This type of analysis involves
classifying the fundamental characteristics of the tool for weaving, such as how
the sheds are controlled and how the weft is inserted. A functional definition of
the characteristics of a loom is, however, inherently entwined with the definition
of weaving. After all, simply put, the definition of a loom is a tool for weaving, and
weaving is defined as: to perpendicularly interlace weft and warp threads into
fabric. Naturally, this terminological entanglement must be considered when
creating a technological vocabulary.
Registration of old looms
By registering the old looms in the collections of Danish museums, we aim to gather knowledge of the old loom types in Denmark. We also wish to create a nationwide strategy for preserving looms. For the purpose of registering the looms, we have developed a registration form that encompasses all information relevant for a loom, e.g. loom type, producer, and technical functions.
Lack of online vocabularies
When working with old looms it becomes clear that there is a general need for more textile technological vocabularies with verbal and non-verbal descriptions of the different parts of a loom. Therefore, we aim to cooperate with other projects in order to create a platform that will link terminological resources for handicrafts.
Lervad, a Danish loom factory
The Lervad company produced looms and other weaving equipment from 1895 to the 1980s. It was founded by Anders Lervad who started producing the first looms for handicraft students in Askov. Throughout the years, many different types of Lervad looms have been produced and exported. This includes looms for professional weavers, for the purpose of ergotherapy, and evening school courses, and many of them are still in use today.